Vitalik Buterin, the co-founder of Ethereum, has suggested implementing zero-knowledge Ethereum Virtual Machines (zk-EVMs) on the Ethereum base layer to accelerate the verification process on the blockchain. Buterinâs proposal seeks to solve âThe Verge,â a part of the Ethereum roadmap that aims to make verification at the base layer easier.
In a post on March 31, Buterin explained that it is possible to integrate a zk-EVM on the base layer without compromising on decentralization and security. The technology enables Ethereum Virtual Machines to execute smart contracts on the blockchain with ZK proofs. Ethereum was developed with a âmulti-client philosophyâ to ensure decentralization at the protocol level. By integrating zk-EVMs at the Ethereum layer 1, it would be the third type of client, along with the consensus and execution clients.
Buterin considered the advantages and drawbacks of treating the layer 1 as a âclearinghouseâ by pushing almost all activity to layer 2. He concluded that many layer 1-based apps would become âeconomically nonviableâ and that small funds worth a few hundred dollars or less may get âstuckâ in the event that gas fees grow too large.
Buterin prefers the zk-EVM approach because it wouldnât abandon the âmulti-clientâ paradigm, and an open zk-EVM infrastructure would ensure that new clients could be developed, which would further decentralize Ethereum at the base layer. In his post, Buterin explained that zk-EVMs would need to be âopenâ in that different clients each have different zk-EVM implementations and each client waits for a proof that is compatible with its own implementation before accepting a block as valid.
The implementation of zk-EVMs at the Ethereum layer 1 could cause data inefficiency and latency issues, but Buterin believes these challenges would not be âtoo hardâ to overcome.
In conclusion, Buterinâs proposal for zk-EVMs on the Ethereum base layer seeks to accelerate the verification process while maintaining decentralization and security. The integration of zk-EVMs at the Ethereum layer 1 would be the third type of client and ensure that new clients could be developed, further decentralizing Ethereum at the base layer. The proposal is not without its challenges, but Buterin believes that they can be overcome.
Follow us on Facebook for more news that you canât lose!
The post Vitalik Buterin Proposes Zero-Knowledge Ethereum Virtual Machines on Ethereum Layer 1 first appeared on Lemuria Live.